6. Juli Brexit Airbus-Chef wirft May Ahnungslosigkeit vor . Wenn Airbus Industries sich UK zurückzieht bedeutet es faktisch den Ausstieg UKs aus. No “Global Britain” after Brexit. Leaving the EU Weakens UK Foreign and Security Policy, Closer Ties Remain in Germany's Interest, Claudia Major & Nicolai von. Juni Ein Brexit-Desaster ist Theresa May erspart geblieben. Man hat UK zwar verschiedene Modelle zur zukünftigen Zusammenarbeit angeboten. Kommt jetzt der Exit vom Brexit? Während diese zwischen und jährlich 66 Milliarden Euro betrugen, wurden lediglich 15 Milliarden Euro investiert. Informationen zu den wichtigsten offenen Themen zwischen der Schweiz und der EU. März , abgerufen am 5. The Brexit negotiations are deadlocked. Zahlreiche Briten unterstützen die Europäische Union und sind gegen den Brexit. Konservative und Labour, zurück. Das ist Dominic Raab. Oktober publizierte die schottische Regierung einen Gesetzentwurf für ein zweites Unabhängigkeitsreferendum , dies bedeutet aber noch nicht, dass ein solches Referendum auch abgehalten wird. Es bestehen vielfältige Erklärungsversuche, wieso es zum Austrittsvotum der Wahlberechtigten des Vereinigten Königreichs kam. November gegen die Revision aus. Dieses wichtige Thema besprechen wir heute mit unseren Experten. Noch bevor der Brexit Ende März nächsten Jahres erfolgt, soll es losgehen. Regelmässige Informationen zur Europapolitik als Printausgabe oder als Newsletter.
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The EU has rules allowing its airlines to fly anywhere in the union, also domestic, which will not apply to the UK anymore. The British airline EasyJet decided to relocate its headquarter.
The EU also has treaties with many countries regulating the right to fly over, take off and land there. Unless permission or new treaties with the UK are made, aviation to and from the UK may stop.
In the event of a no deal Brexit the French government has said that trains in the Channel Tunnel may not be allowed into France. Ferries will continue, but with obstacles such as customs checks.
The Financial Times said that there were approximately international agreements, spanning non-EU countries, that the UK would no longer be a party to upon leaving the EU.
A research paper presented to the UK Parliament in July proposed a number of alternatives to membership which would continue to allow access to the EU internal market.
There may be an interim deal between the time the UK leaves the EU and when the final relationship comes in force.
There is concern about whether the border between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland becomes a "hard border" with customs and passport checks on the border,  and whether this could affect the Good Friday Agreement that was seen as instrumental in bringing peace to Northern Ireland.
This has been opposed by the British government. There is freedom of movement for all EU nationals within the Common Travel Area and there are no customs or fixed immigration controls at the border.
Since , the border has been essentially invisible. It is therefore possible that the border will return to being a "hard" one, with fewer, controlled, crossing posts and a customs infrastructure.
Both the EU and the UK have agreed this should be avoided. We will not continue to guard the border for Britain if it's no longer in the European Union," indicating that the juxtaposed controls would end with a leave vote.
French Finance Minister Emmanuel Macron also suggested the agreement would be "threatened" by a leave vote. Gibraltar is outside the European Union's common customs area and common commercial policy and so has a customs border with Spain.
Nevertheless, the territory remains within the European Union until Brexit is complete. During the campaign leading up to the referendum  the Chief Minister of Gibraltar warned that Brexit posed a threat to Gibraltar's safety.
After the result Spain's Foreign Minister renewed calls for joint Spanish—British control of the peninsula.
In April , Spanish Foreign Minister Alfonso Dastis announced that Spain hopes to sign off on a bilateral agreement with Britain over Gibraltar before October so as not to hinder a Brexit transition deal.
Talks between London and Madrid had progressed well. While reiterating the Spanish long-term aim of "recovering" Gibraltar, he said that Spain would not hold Gibraltar as a "hostage" to the EU negotiations.
Shortly after the referendum, the German parliament published an analysis on the consequences of a Brexit on the EU and specifically on the economic and political situation of Germany.
Should there be a "hard Brexit", exports would be subject to WTO customs and tariffs. The trade weighted average tariff is 2.
In total, , jobs in Germany depend upon export to Britain, while on the British side about three million jobs depend on export to the EU. The study emphasises however that the predictions on the economic effects of a Brexit are subject to significant uncertainty.
According to the Lisbon Treaty , Council of the EU decisions made by qualified majority voting can only be blocked if at least four members of the Council form a blocking minority.
This rule was originally developed to prevent the three most populous members Germany, France, Britain from dominating the Council of the EU.
With Brexit, the EU would lose its second-largest economy, the country with the third-largest population and "the financial capital of the world", as the German newspaper Münchner Merkur put it.
Thus, the departure of Britain would result in an additional financial burden for the remaining net contributors, unless the budget is reduced accordingly: The departure of the UK is expected to have a major effect on the EU.
The exit of the UK from the European Union means that this blocking minority can no longer be assembled leading to speculation that it could enable the other EU countries to enforce specific proposals such as relaxing EU budget discipline or providing EU-wide deposit guarantees within the banking union.
The EU will need to decide on the revised apportionment of seats in the European Parliament in time for the next European Parliament election, expected to be held in June , when the United Kingdom's 73 MEPs will have vacated their seats.
In April , a group of European lawmakers discussed what should be done about the vacated seats. One plan, supported by Gianni Pittella and Emmanuel Macron , is to replace the 73 seats with a pan-European constituency list; other options which were considered include dropping the British seats without replacement, and reassigning some or all of the existing seats from other countries to reduce inequality of representation.
Paul Gallagher , a former Attorney General of Ireland , has suggested this will isolate those countries and deprive them of a powerful partner that shared a common interest in ensuring that EU legislation was not drafted or interpreted in a way that would be contrary to the principles of the common law.
The combined EU fishing fleets land about 6 million tonnes of fish per year,  of which about 3 million tonnes are from UK waters.
The UK government announced in July that it would end the convention in Loss of access to UK waters will particularly affect the Irish fishing industry which obtains a third of its catch there.
The policy is generally considered a disadvantage to fish-rich countries and is a major reason why Norway and Iceland are not members.
Various EU leaders said that they would not start any negotiation before the UK formally invokes Article German foreign secretary Frank-Walter Steinmeier met Britain's foreign secretary Boris Johnson on 4 November ; Johnson stressed the importance of British-German relationships, whereas Steinmeier responded that the German view was that the UK should have voted to stay in the EU and that the German priority now was to preserve the remaining union of 27 members.
There could be no negotiations before the UK formally gives notice. A long delay before beginning negotiations would be detrimental. Britain could not keep the advantages of the single market but at the same time cancel the "less pleasant rules".
On 15 July , she said: Nick Clegg said the figures showed the Civil Service was unprepared for the very complex negotiations ahead. These consist of an end to European Court of Justice jurisdiction, withdrawal from the single market with a "comprehensive free-trade agreement" replacing this, a new customs agreement excluding the common external tariff and the EU's common commercial policy , an end to free movement of people , co-operation in crime and terrorism, collaboration in areas of science and technology, engagement with devolved administrations, maintaining the Common Travel Area with Ireland , and preserving existing workers' rights.
She also confirmed, "that the Government will put the final deal that is agreed between the UK and the EU to a [ meaningful] vote in both Houses of Parliament, before it comes into force.
The Government has stated its intention to "secure the specific interests of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, as well as those of all parts of England".
EU negotiator Guy Verhofstadt , the European parliament's chief negotiator, said that: That means a number of things: We need to have an arrangement in which this arrangement can continue for those citizens who on an individual basis are requesting it.
An EU meeting to discuss Brexit was called for 29 April , Donald Tusk stating that the "priority would be giving "clarity" to EU residents, business and member states about the talks ahead".
Barnier called for talks to be completed by October to give time for any agreement to be ratified before the UK leaves in March The European Commission has, following the "Better regulation" initiative, in place since before Brexit, reduced the number of legislative proposals from to 23 per year.
Following the EU referendum, there have been many opinion polls on the question of whether the UK was "right" or "wrong" to vote to leave the EU.
The results of these polls are shown in the table below. There have also been opinion polls on how people would vote in a second referendum on the same question.
On 6 July , the UK Cabinet agreed a statement at Chequers that set out a proposal for the future relationship between the United Kingdom and the European Union ,  following which two members of the Cabinet resigned.
She proposed a referendum with three options: Voters would be asked to mark a first and second preference using the supplementary vote system. If there were no majority for any particular option among first-preference votes, the third-placed option would be eliminated and second preferences would be used to determine the winner from the two remaining options.
The following table shows opinion polls that have been conducted on how people would vote in such a three-option referendum.
The table shows the poll results for a first round in which all three options would be available, and for a second round in which only the top two options in the first round would be available.
There have been opinion polls to gauge support for a second referendum on whether to accept or reject the final Brexit deal. The response of artists and writers to Brexit has in general been negative, reflecting a reported overwhelming percentage of people involved in Britain's creative industries voting against leaving the European Union.
Responses by visual artists to Brexit include a mural, painted in May , by the secretive graffiti artist Banksy near the ferry port at Dover in southern England.
It shows a workman using a chisel to chip off one of the stars on the European Union Flag. In his art exhibition at the Serpentine Gallery in London, the artist Grayson Perry showed a series of ceramic, tapestry and other works of art dealing with the divisions in Britain during the Brexit campaign and in its aftermath.
This included two large ceramic pots, Perry called his Brexit Vases, standing on plinths ten feet apart, on the first of which were scenes involving pro-European British citizens, and on the second scenes involving anti-European British citizens.
These were derived from what Perry called his "Brexit tour of Britain. One of the first novels to engage with a post-Brexit Britain was Rabbitman by Michael Paraskos published 9 March Rabbitman is a dark comic fantasy in which the events that lead to the election of a right-wing populist American president, who happens also to be a rabbit, and Britain's vote to leave the European Union, were the result of a series of Faustian pacts with the Devil.
As a result, Rabbitman is set partly in a post-Brexit Britain in which society has collapsed and people are dependent on European Union food aid.
Mark Billingham's Love Like Blood published 1 June is a crime thriller in which Brexit sees a rise in xenophobic hate crime. Post-Brexit Britain is also the setting for Amanda Craig 's The Lie of the Land published 13 June , a satirical novel set ten years after the vote to leave the European Union, in which an impoverished middle class couple from Islington in north London are forced to move from the heart of the pro-European Union capital, to the heart of the pro-Brexit countryside in Devon.
Brexit is also the baseline for Douglas Board's comic political thriller Time of Lies published 23 June In this novel, the first post-Brexit general election in is won by a violent right-wing former football hooligan called Bob Grant.
Board charts the response to this of the hitherto pro-European Union metropolitan political elite.
Stanley Johnson 's Kompromat scheduled for July is a political thriller that suggests the vote to leave the European Union was a result of Russian influence on the referendum, although Johnson has insisted his book is not intended to point the finger at Russia's secret services , but is "just meant to be fun.
An allegorical work, the play uses the device of a convention called by the goddess Britannia , who is concerned about the future of the British people.
In , the television director Martin Durkin wrote and directed an 81 minute long documentary film titled Brexit: Following the Brexit vote, there have been several attempts to set up a new pro-European political party.
In , newly elected Liberal Democrats leader Vince Cable criticised 'pop up' anti-Brexit parties formed following the referendum, saying of those groups' policies " From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
United Kingdom's planned withdrawal from the European Union. Issues Endorsements Opinion polling Results Causes. Organisations advocating and campaigning for a referendum.
People's Pledge Labour for a Referendum. Bruges Group Campaign for an Independent Britain. The Movie In or Out. Calls for second vote.
Organisations campaigning for a second vote via People's Vote. Other organisations campaigning for a second vote.
Opposition to Brexit in the United Kingdom. Part of a series on the. History of women Military history. Opinion polling for the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum.
United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, United Kingdom renegotiation of European Union membership, — Campaigning in the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, Results of the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, Aftermath of the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, Russian interference in the Brexit referendum.
European Union Withdrawal Act Economic effects of Brexit. Brexit and arrangements for science and technology.
Continuing UK relationship with the EU. Effect of Brexit on Gibraltar. Impact of Brexit on the European Union. This will be midnight Central European Time.
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Less is known about the likely dynamics of the transition process or the extent to which economic uncertainty and anticipation effects will impact the economies of the United Kingdom or the European Union in advance of Brexit.
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Any Brexit deal would also resonate differently in Britain. The EU with which British MPs and voters may be asked to approve a deal this autumn could be a less stable and predictable political entity.
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Retrieved 13 June Retrieved 12 June For investors Britain remains Number One in Europe]". Retrieved 12 June — via FAZ. Retrieved 2 November University 'dual nationality' plan for Brexit 10 October The podcast all about Brexit 17 November Free trade 5 November The backstop 17 October The transition 25 October EU citizens can stay even with no deal 21 August The EU advice Trump gave me 15 July Lords are wrong on Brexit 4 June May's Brexit speech 2 March Counting the cost of Brexit 13 March Common sense needed on Brexit 9 March Brexit can be positive story 4 January Laura Kuenssberg Political editor.
How could May get Brexit deal through MPs? Could Blockchain solve Irish border issue? Rory Cellan-Jones Technology correspondent.
Why the EU obsesses over Tory conference. Katya Adler Europe editor. Taking stock of where we are with Brexit 17 September Is Mutti no longer on Britain's side?
Will one of these men lead EU? Brexit and the booming British strawberry British berry growers have expanded rapidly on the back of cheap EU labour but the good times could soon be over.
What is the Norway model? The UK prime minister is in Norway and Brexit is bound to come up. EU rules into UK law: The truth about young people and Brexit 25 September Red lines on the Irish border Progress needs to be made on the complex issue of the Irish border in the next two weeks.
Warehouse edition Brexit will involve stockpiling more stuff. Helen Thomas Newsnight business editor. What is Labour's Brexit plan?
Share with BBC News. Follow Us Facebook Twitter. Politics Home Parliaments Brexit selected.
Jo Johnson, brother of Boris, calls for the public to have the final say after resigning from transport job.
The party says a letter from the PM implied the Brexit backstop could include a border in the Irish Sea. The cabinet minister says the UK must be able to end any post-Brexit customs arrangement with the EU.
But the ex-Brexit secretary thinks that could prompt a better deal being negotiated by the UK and EU. British berry growers have expanded rapidly on the back of cheap EU labour but the good times could soon be over.
A deep dive into the process of converting EU laws on everything from dog fur to flag days into UK law in time for Brexit day.
Progress needs to be made on the complex issue of the Irish border in the next two weeks. Brexit will involve stockpiling more stuff.
Where is it going to go? Politics selected Parliaments Brexit selected. All you need to know. All you need to know about Brexit. The Irish border Brexit backstop.
Your guide to Brexit jargon. What is a 'Canada-style' trade deal? May will probably lose Brexit vote But the ex-Brexit secretary thinks that could prompt a better deal being negotiated by the UK and EU.
UK and France 'still friends' after Brexit 8 November Deal or no deal - how are EU countries preparing? Gove wants to see Brexit legal advice 7 November Ministers 'want EU deal by end of month' 6 November The notes of apparent plan to sell Brexit deal 6 November Ireland warns UK over post-Brexit border 5 November Britain's economy defies the Brexit gloom Daily Mail Economy grows amid concern about Brexit Channel 4 We can't stop Brexit i News Jo Johnson quits over Brexit and calls for a people's vote Coventry Live Theresa May accused of 'total betrayal' over Irish Brexit border Mirror.
The people gave our politicians their instructions — now they need to obey them BrexitCentral Jo Johnson quits as minister over Brexit Channel 4 Jeremy Corbyn says Brexit 'can't be stopped' amid calls for second ref The Independent Brexit, the gig economy and the rise of the machines Morning Star Jo Johnson resignation could upend Brexit Reaction Brexit deal near but a 'clean break' is unlikely i News Brexit travel confusion Kent Messenger The backstop problem needs addressed and dealt with now Belfast News Letter Jo Johnson quits government over Brexit Morning Star More work needed on Brexit deal, EU negotiators say Reuters The Johnson family feud over Brexit that could now finally be healed Daily Mail Factbox - A year of resignations from May's government Reuters.
Deal 'will see us cede control' - Johnson BBC The Guardian view on the Armistice centenary: Has nobody told Dominic Raab that Britain is an island?
What does the law say about Brexit? Probably what May wants it to Catherine Barnard. Who is Geoffrey Cox, the new figure at the heart of Brexit talks?
BBC interview fails to clear up all the doubts about funding of leave campaign. EU funding under review?
Is Theresa May any closer to a Brexit deal after Brussels summit? MPs must 'hold their nerve' through Brexit negotiations - video. Hundreds of thousands attend People's Vote march in London — video.
Michel Barnier says Irish border issue could sink Brexit talks - video. Sarah Vine tells male cabinet members to stop 'waving their willies around' — video.